BioSense


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Description:

Due to the possibility of an attack of very harmful diseases especially those brought on by bioterriorism, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has designed a national program to combat and improve awareness about such outbreaks that is called "Biosense". Traditionally, public health surveillance and investigations were manual and overtime proved to be problematic especially during a public health emergency.

BioSense, is now not only at the the national level, but at state and local levels as well. Using streams of health data and advanced algorithms for analyzing and visualizing, the new methods supported by BioSense address the needs of monitoring infectious diseases, biological and chemical attacks, naturally occurring emergencies, confirm and identify possible events, track and manage their size and spread, and even provide public health and government decision makers the information needed to manage preparedness and response.
The core principles are:
  • Collaboration: To strengthen public health informatics capacity and capability, promote community participation, encourage knowledge sharing, and enhance stakeholder value

  • Transparency: To improve system operations, ensure operational excellence and leverage existing state, regional, and community level capabilities and solutions

  • Innovation: To advance the research and practice of biosurveillance and informatics





Application:


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Does BioSense really work in the real world? BioSense is actually able to function by "providing access to clinically rich data from emergency departments, outpatient clinics, and other hospital settings and data sources."

BioSense makes use of EED (Early Event Detection) where all public health facilities will receive a earliest possible detection of outbreak for public health emergency. EED is built of a "case and suspect case reporting along with statistical analysis of health-related data. Both real-time streaming of data from clinical care facilities as well as batched data with a short time delay are used to support EED efforts." With the use of EED health facilities are able to utilize, confirm, refute the health data that they receive to respond to that outbreak, which has to be timely since this is vital information. The response by the health facilities to this critical information is called "Health Situational Awareness". Health Awareness is used to monitor an outbreak’s magnitude, geography, rate of change and life cycle.

Terminology:

CDC
EED
Health Situational Awareness

Web Resources:

http://www.cdc.gov/biosense/

References:

http://www.biosense.com/
http://www.cdc.gov/biosense/publichealth.htm


Graphics:

National and Regional Summary of Select Surveillance Components

Region
Data for current week
Data cumulative for the season
Sentinel Provider ILI*
DoD and VA ARI*
% pos. for flu†
      • jurisdictions reporting regional or widespread activity‡
A (H1)
A (H3)
A Unsub-typed
B
Pediatric Deaths
Nation
Normal
Normal
1.9%
0 of 51
8
1
29
2
0
New England
Normal
Normal
0%
0 of 6
0
0
0
0
0
Mid-Atlantic
Normal
Normal
0%
0 of 3
0
0
0
0
0
East North Central
Normal
Normal
0%
0 of 5
0
0
0
0
0
West North Central
Normal
Normal
0.2%
0 of 7
0
0
1
0
0
South Atlantic
Normal
Normal
4.4%
0 of 9
0
1
15
1
0
East South Central
Normal
Normal
0%
0 of 4
0
0
0
0
0
West South Central
Normal
Normal
1.0%
0 of 4
0
0
4
0
0
Mountain
Normal
Normal
1.8%
0 of 8
5
0
0
0
0
Pacific**
Normal
Normal
3.9%
0 of 5
3
0
9
1
0