Hospital Information System (HIS)

A hospital information system (HIS), also known as a Clinical Information System (CIS) is a comprehensive, integrated information system designed to manage the administrative, financial and clinical aspects of a hospital. This encompasses paper-based information processing as well as data processing machines. As an area of medical informatics the aim of an HIS is to achieve the best possible support of patient care and administration by electronic data processing.

It can be composed of one or a few software components with specialty-specific extensions as well as of a large variety of sub-systems in medical specialties (e.g. Laboratory Information System, Radiology Information System).
CISs are sometimes separated from HISs in that the former concentrate on patient-related and clinical-state-related data (electronic patient record) whereas the latter keeps track of administrative issues. The distinction is not always clear and there is contradictory evidence against a consistent use of both terms.
A typical United States hospital has more than 200 different information system applications, few of which work together. In addition, an estimated 70 percent of healthcare transactions are paper-based. These challenges make it difficult for healthcare professionals to offer efficient services. Physicians, nurses, and other healthcare staff need to be able to access and share information smoothly and quickly, to enable them to work more efficiently and make better decisions.
Microsoft and its partners can assist healthcare providers in developing electronic record storage systems that help integrate data from a wide range of systems. These solutions improve collaboration between workers, which ultimately leads to increased productivity and the quality of service. Through these solutions, physicians and other staff can make full use of data quickly and easily.

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Related Terminology:

Clinical Information System (CIS)
Laboratory Information System (LIS)
Radiology Information System (RIS)
Electronic Patient Record (EPR)