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International Classification of Diseases - ICD-10
International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10)
The original classification dates back to the 1850s and ICD-10 is the latest in the series. Taken over in the mid 1900s by the World Health Organization (WHO) around the sixth edition, the ICD for the first time included causes for morbidity statistics. By the time the seventh edition was released, the ICD had been adapted to accommodate Hospital Record Indexing. Work on ICD-10 began in 1983 and was finished in 1992.
Used to classify diseases and other health related issues recorded from health records, death certificates and other important records, the ICD is the standard diagnostic classification for all clinical use. The ICD provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. Every health condition can be assigned to a unique category and given a code, up to six characters long. Such categories can include a set of similar diseases.
The first draft of ICD-11 is expected around 2010 with official publication estimated around 2014. Also, the World Health Organization has announced that it intends to use Web 2.0 principles for ICD-11.
Statistical classification system for diseases
World Health Organization’s Website
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases
Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases
Mental and behavioural disorders
Diseases of the nervous system
Diseases of the eye and adnexa
Diseases of the ear and mastoid process
Diseases of the circulatory system
Diseases of the respiratory system
Diseases of the digestive system
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Diseases of the genitourinary system
Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium
Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes
External causes of morbidity and mortality
Factors influencing health status and contact with health services
Codes for special purposes
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