Term: International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10)

Description: The original classification dates back to the 1850s and ICD-10 is the latest in the series. Taken over in the mid 1900s by the World Health Organization (WHO) around the sixth edition, the ICD for the first time included causes for morbidity statistics. By the time the seventh edition was released, the ICD had been adapted to accommodate Hospital Record Indexing. Work on ICD-10 began in 1983 and was finished in 1992.

Used to classify diseases and other health related issues recorded from health records, death certificates and other important records, the ICD is the standard diagnostic classification for all clinical use. The ICD provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. Every health condition can be assigned to a unique category and given a code, up to six characters long. Such categories can include a set of similar diseases.
The first draft of ICD-11 is expected around 2010 with official publication estimated around 2014. Also, the World Health Organization has announced that it intends to use Web 2.0 principles for ICD-11.
Applications:
  • Statistical classification system for diseases

Web Resources/Citations:


World Health Organization’s Website
ICD Wikipedia

Chapter
Blocks
Title

I
A00-B99
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases

II
C00-D48
Neoplasms

III
D50-D89
Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism

IV
E00-E90
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

V
F00-F99
Mental and behavioural disorders

VI
G00-G99
Diseases of the nervous system

VII
H00-H59
Diseases of the eye and adnexa

VIII
H60-H95
Diseases of the ear and mastoid process

IX
I00-I99
Diseases of the circulatory system

X
J00-J99
Diseases of the respiratory system

XI
K00-K93
Diseases of the digestive system

XII
L00-L99
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue

XIII
M00-M99
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue

XIV
N00-N99
Diseases of the genitourinary system

XV
O00-O99
Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium

XVI
P00-P96
Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period

XVII
Q00-Q99
Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities

XVIII
R00-R99
Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified

XIX
S00-T98
Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes

XX
V01-Y98
External causes of morbidity and mortality

XXI
Z00-Z99
Factors influencing health status and contact with health services

XXII
U00-U99
Codes for special purposes



http://www.who.int/classifications/apps/icd/icd10online/

http://www.who.int/en/