National Cancer Institute



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Description


National Cancer Institute (NCI) is a nationwide organization which falls under the U.S. National Institutes of Health and currently coordinates the National Cancer program while paving the way in leading cancer research (National Cancer Institute, 2014) . It is under the current direction of Dr. John E. Niederhuber (National Cancer Institute, 2014).
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NCI logo
The National Cancer Institute coordinates the National Cancer Program, which conducts and supports research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs (National Cancer Institute, 2014). These aspects are in respect and continuity towards the cause, diagnosis, prevention, treatment and recovery process of cancer. A major aim is the continuation care of cancer patients as well as ensuring moral support and aid towards those who are family members of cancer patients (National Cancer Institute, 2014).

The National Cancer Institute works to benefit cancer research in enormous ways.
  1. First and foremost, they conduct research throughout labs and clinics efficiently and prominently (National Cancer Institute, 2014). This makes it interesting to think about how NCI's lab-work can relate to gathering information through aspects of health informatics and health IT.
  2. Research projects are proposed and conducted by hospitals, universities, and research foundations every day (National Cancer Institute, 2014). This means that lots of data are gathered in order to come to final conclusions and such.
  3. National networks of cancer centers are supported through one another (National Cancer Institute). The multi-user support relates a lot to EHRs, which are supported among more than one health organization.

NCI and the Nobel Prize

The National Cancer Institute has aided at least 20 researches win a Nobel Prize (Sampson, 2007). Some of the following are:
Mario R. Capecchi, PhD (2007)
Oliver Smithies, PhD (2007)
Linda Buck (2004)
Lee Hartwell (2001)
E. Donnall Thomson (1990)
(Sampson, 2007)

Applications

The National Cancer Institute is annually funded by the government to perform research, aid in research to other organizations, and hold conferences on cancer. By doing this, the NCI is able to better cultivate the learning process in better understanding cancer, its causes, and methods of treatment. This organization not only works closely with United States companies and research teams, but also with other countries. The longings and hopes for NCI becoming a world wide cooperation can most definitely enhance the progress of cancer research. The NCI has a huge significance towards the field of health informatics as well as the enhancement of electronic health records. In 1982, the Physician Data Query database was launched by the NCI to share cancer information with other organizations, and this was one of the first steps any health care organization had taken to create a electronic medical record.

What was the purpose?

The purpose of this database was to be the National Cancer Institute's primary source of comprehensive and important cancer information that doctors could use in support towards their data (JNCI J Natl Cancer Inst, 2014). The reason as to why this database was so crucial towards the fields of health informatics and health IT is primarily due to the way information is exchanged. When a database can share info with multiple organizations, data about cancer patients can be gathered in order for doctors, hospitals, and healthcare employees to make the best decisions possible for patients (JNCI J Natl Cancer Inst, 2014). When information is shared, it means that doctors can as themselves, "Based upon the data we have gathered, what is the next step we can take to ensure the best quality healthcare for our patients?"

What does the Physician Data Query consist of?

Cancer that is evidence-based and peer reviewed are two main concepts of this database (National Cancer Institute, 2014) . There are many other information summaries that are involved as well, including:
  • treatment
  • supportive care
  • screening
  • prevention
  • genetics
  • complementary and alternative medicine
(National Cancer Institute, 2014)

What is significant with the combination of NCI, physician data query, and health informatics is that the advances in cancer treatment are constantly communicated through the usage of computer technology, and has played a ginormous part in attempting to reduce cancer mortality (National Cancer Institute, 2014). Without the NCI's use of an established database and method of electronic health records, things in the field of cancer and malignancy would be much more complicated along the lines of detecting early signs of cancer. This is a huge breakthrough in the medical field and surely emphasizes the importance of technology towards crucial areas in healthcare.


Web Resources

http://www.cancer.gov/newscenter/pressreleases/HIVAIDSsymposium
http://www.cancer.gov/newscenter/pressreleases/InflammationMeeting
http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/opinions/articles/1014sun1-14.html
http://www.cancer.gov/newscenter/pressreleases/WorkingWithIndustry
http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/106/4/dju105.extract
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3079208


Related Terminology

Cancer
Malignant Cells
Database
Electronic Health Records
Diagnosis
Health Informatics
Health Information Technology

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2007-10/acs-tma100807.php
http://www.cancer.gov/
http://www.fhcrc.org/research/nobel/
http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/106/4/dju105.extract

Graphics

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