Public Health Informatics Institute (PHII)


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Description: The primary mission of the Public Health Informatics Institute (PHII) is to improve the performance of the public health system by advancing public health practitioners’ ability to strategically manage and apply health information systems.
The Institute fosters collaboration, innovation, and action. Working alongside public health practitioners to apply and manage information systems strategically and effectively. The Institute acts as a resource for public health practitioners and supports their goal of improving community health. Institute efforts include educating stakeholders, informing policy, and making available resources to help guide the appropriate use of public health information systems. These efforts combine to improve the performance of the public health system.
The Public Health Informatics Institute is a program of the Task Force for Child Survival and Development, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. The mission of the Task Force is to help public and private organizations promote health and human development by building coalitions, forging consensus, and leveraging scarce resources.

Applications:
The projects and work products of the Institute reflect the realities and challenges facing community health leaders, and build upon the best practices and approaches. PHII uses a combination of site visits, interviews with key program staff, and collaborative discussions to test viable solutions. The institute offers expertise in these key areas:

Approach: PHII's approach to health information systems combines best practices in informatics with knowledge and experience in public health and health care.

Web Resources:

Documents

Taking Care of Business: A collaboration to define local health department business processes

Public Health Informatics Institute and National Association of County and City Health Officials
6/10/2008
Report on collaborative effort facilitated by the Public Health Institute, where local public health departments worked to define public health business processes in order to develop information system requirements. First printing June 2006

CONNECTIONS: April 2008 Community Meeting

Bara, Debra
5/1/2008

Common Ground Fact Sheet

ESTIS - Comm Dir
4/2/2008

Connections Project Brief

ESTIS - Comm Dir
1/9/2008

Connections_Membership Application

Deb Bara
11/19/2007
The Institute manages the Connections Community of Practice (CoP). Organizations currently involved in the CoP, as well as those organizations with child health integration activities who are interested in becoming members of Connections, submit an application.

Portfolio Order Form

ESTIS - Comm Dir
11/14/2007

Informatics On the Org Chart: An Enterprise-wide Organizational Focus for Informatics

Bara, Debra
11/1/2007
Informatics is emerging as an increasingly relevant and important tool for improving public health practice. In 2005, President Bush called for the widespread use of electronic health records by 2014. Since that time, states have responded with a record number of legislative initiatives related to health technology. A recent survey by the Foundation for eHealth Initiative (www.ehealthinitiative.org) identified the existence of 165 health exchanges in 2006. This increase is consistent with recent technological advances and this activity suggests the future changes that will be required for effective management of public health information and programs.

Applying Informatics: A Look into the Crystal Ball for Public Health

Hanrahan, Lawrence P.
11/1/2007

Using Informatics to Impact Public Health Practice – Excerpts from ”The Big Picture”

Public Health Informatics Institute
11/1/2007

The LIMS Project: Summary of Evaluation Findings

Public Health Informatics Institute
8/20/2007
Independent assessment of the effectiveness of the Laboratory Information Management Systems project.

Healthy Partnerships: HIEs and Public Health

Public Health Informatics Institute
7/5/2007
Brochure defining the worthy aims for public health involvement in health information exchange. A product of the InformationLinks project.

Evaluation toolkit for integrated health information systems

Public Health Informatics Institute
2/9/2007
The Evaluation Toolkit was developed as a tool for evaluating public health information systems.

Assessment of Childhood Obesity Information Needs: Findings from Stakeholder Interviews

Public Health Informatics Institute
8/31/2006

The Unique Records Portfolio

Public Health Informatics Institute
4/28/2006
Cost: $50.00 plus processing and shipping FREE Portfolio sample chapter

The Big Picture: Developing an Enterprise View of Public Health Information Systems

Public Health Informatics Institute
8/31/2005

TOPIC BRIEF: Public Health Opportunities in Health Information Exchange

Public Health Informatics Institute
6/30/2005
Public health participation in health information exchanges presents opportunities for both short-term and transformative impacts on the health system. Published in 2005, this is one of the Institute´s first publications on the topic of HIEs and the role of public health.

A Collaboration to Develop a Logical Design for Public Health Laboratory Information Management Systems

Public Health Informatics Institute
5/31/2005

Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: Supplement

Novick, Lloyd (ed.)
11/30/2004
November 2004 Supplement Special Issue Focus: Integrating Child Health Information Systems

New Connections community of practice funded by HRSA

9/21/2004

A Collaboration to develop laboratory information management system requirements

Public Health Informatics Institute
5/31/2004

Developing a Charter for a Collaborative Requirements Project

Public Health Informatics Institute
5/31/2004

Developing Performance Measures for Immunization Registries

Public Health Informatics Institute
5/31/2004

Integrated Child Health Information Systems: An update on the status and near-term future of information systems that consolidate information about the multiple health care services a child receives

Public Health Informatics Institute
5/31/2004

All Systems Go: Up-front planning sets the stage for a successful information systems project

Public Health Informatics Institute
5/31/2004

Batteries Not Included: Understanding the total cost of ownership for a commercial off-the shelf public health laboratory information management system

Public Health Informatics Institute and Association for Public Health Laboratories
4/30/2004

Guiding principles for effective health information systems

Public Health Informatics Institute
4/30/2004

Creating a Road Map, Vol. 2

All Kids Count
4/30/2004

Towards Measuring Value: An evaluation framework for public health information systems

Public Health Informatics Institute and Association for Public Health Laboratories
3/31/2004

Putting Training on Track: Surveys of local public health agencies show that time and budget compete with a growing need for informatics learning

Public Health Informatics Institute and National Association of County and City Health Officials
3/31/2004

Creating a Road Map, Vol. 1

All Kids Count
10/31/2003

Integration of Newborn Screening and Genetic Service Systems with other Maternal and Child Health Systems: A tool for assessment and planning

All Kids Count
10/31/2003

De-duplication Technology and Practices for Integrated Child-Health Information Systems

Salkowitz, Susan M.
10/1/2003
Co-authored by Susan Salkowitz, MA, MGA of Salkowitz Associates, LLC and Stephen Clyde, PhD, Utah State University Computer Science Department. Under contract to All Kids Count. Views and opinions express reflect those of the authors.

Integration of Newborn Screening and Genetic Service Systems with other Maternal and Child Health Systems: A sourcebook for planning and development

All Kids Count
6/30/2003

Policy Brief: Sustaining Financial Support for Immunization Registries

All Kids Count
3/31/2000



Related Terminology:
Task Force for Child Survival and Development
Public Health Information Network (PHIN)
Public Health Informatics

Citations/References:
Public Health Informatics Institute


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CAPABILITIES

Since 1992, PHII has helped to assist public health organizations in defining and leveraging the power of information systems to reach public health needs. The work of the Institute is guided by principles and methods that have emerged from our experience in public health, health care and informatics.

The PHII is best known for their expertise as a neutral convener, bringing public health professionals to the table, and facilitating collaborative efforts. Through discussion and research, they contribute an understanding of the key issues affecting the use of information technology in public health. Their research and analysis concentrates on the best practices and approaches for using information technology to support public health programs.

MORE RECENT DOCUMENTS

Newborn Dried Blood Spot (NDBS) Screening Implementation Guide for Laboratory Results

Public health Informatics Institute
11/1/2011
Developed by the Public Health Informatics Institute under a cooperative agreement with the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), this Newborn Dried Blood Spot (NDBS) Screening implementation guide provides a recommended approach for NDBS laboratories to use an HL7 Version 2.5.1 ORU^R01 message for sending standardized NDBS laboratory results.

Newborn Dried Blood Spot (NDBS) Screening Implementation Guide for Laboratory Orders

Public Health Informatics Institute
10/12/2011
Developed by the Public Health Informatics Institute under a cooperative agreement with the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), this Newborn Dried Blood Spot (NDBS) Screening implementation guide provides a recommended approach for using an HL7 Version 2.5.1 OML^O21 message to transmit NDBS laboratory orders from the birthing center/hospital to the public health laboratory.

Common Ground Preparedness Framework Animated Walk-through

A Product of the Common Ground Project Supported by The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
3/9/2011
An introductory walk-through of the public health preparedness framework developed by the Preparedness Workgroup of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation´s Common Ground collaborative. TO PLAY THE WALK-THROUGH, copy and paste the following URL into your browser: www.phiicrdm.org/framework

Collaborative Requirements Development Methodology (CRDM) Animated Walk-through

A Product of the Common Ground Project Supported by The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
3/9/2011
An introductory walk-through of the Institute´s Collaborative Requirements Development Methodology, the approach used by participants in Robert Wood Johnson Foundation´s Common Ground collaborative. TO PLAY THE WALK-THROUGH, copy and paste the following URL into your browser: www.phiicrdm.org/methodology

Applied Public Health Informatics Curriculum - All Modules

2/28/2011
The Public Health Informatics Institute (the Institute) is offering the Applied Public Health Informatics Curriculum to support academic institutions in creating or enhancing a public health informatics curriculum that is competency-based and provides the knowledge and skills needed in local and state health departments today. (Please download using a browser other than Internet Explorer).

Applied Public Health Informatics Curriculum Preface Document

Miner, Kathy, PhD, MPH; Alperin, MPH, CHES; Brogan, Claudia W., MSEd; Buchanan, Niki; Brand, BIll, MPH, CPHIE
2/15/2011
The Public Health Informatics Institute (the Institute) is offering the Applied Public Health Informatics Curriculum to support academic institutions in creating or enhancing a public health informatics curriculum that is competency-based and provides the knowledge and skills needed in local and state health departments today. (Please download using a browser other than Internet Explorer)

Common Ground: Public Health Preparedness Toolkit

2/10/2011
The Common Ground Project was designed to assist chronic disease and preparedness departments in public health agencies by documenting and defining business processes common to each of them and identifying the requirements for information systems that would support these processes. Nine chronic disease programs and six preparedness programs from local and state health agencies collaborated to achieve consensus to describe their business processes and identify the requirements for information systems to support them using the Collaborative Requirements Development Methodology (CRDM).

Common Ground: Chronic Disease Management Toolkit

1/31/2011
The Common Ground Project was designed to assist chronic disease and preparedness departments in public health agencies by documenting and defining business processes common to each of them and identifying the requirements for information systems that would support these processes. Nine chronic disease programs and six preparedness programs from local and state health agencies collaborated to achieve consensus to describe their business processes and identify the requirements for information systems to support these business processes, using the Collaborative Requirements Development Methodology (CRDM).

Requirements for Public Health Chronic Disease Information Systems

Common Ground Chronic Disease Workgroup
12/31/2010
Defining requirements is a critical step in developing or acquiring an information system. If the requirements are not correctly and clearly defined, the system will not meet the needs of its users. The Common Ground Project was designed to assist chronic disease and preparedness departments in public health agencies to document and define business processes common to each of them, and to identify the requirements for information systems to effectively support these processes. This document summarizes the work of and presents the requirements developed by the Common Ground Chronic Disease Workgroup.

Requirements for Public Health Preparedness Information Systems

Common Ground Preparedness Workgroup
12/31/2010
Defining requirements is a critical step in developing or acquiring an information system. If the requirements are not correctly and clearly defined, the system will not meet the needs of its users. The Common Ground Project was designed to assist chronic disease and preparedness departments in public health agencies to document and define business processes common to each of them, and to identify the requirements for information systems to effectively support these processes. This document summarizes the work of and presents the requirements developed by the Common Ground Preparedness Workgroup.

LEVERAGING IMMUNIZATION DATA IN THE E-HEALTH ERA

Grannis, Shaun, MD, MS, FAAP; Dixon, Brian, MPA; Brand, Bill, MPH, CPIHE
10/5/2010
The significant financial investments in health information technology authorized by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act are intended to stimulate a marked increase in the use of interoperable Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems and in the formation of Health Information Exchange entities (HIEs). HIEs are steadily emerging across the country and are expected to grow with the recent appropriation of HITECH funding, especially through the State HIE Cooperative Agreement program.1 At the same time, Immunization Information Systems (IISs) exist today as fairly mature systems in most states. As of December 2009, 77 percent of all children greater than six years of age in the United States had two or more immunizations recorded in an IIS. This paper addresses the impact that the growth of HIEs might have on IISs. Specifically, it explores how HIEs and IISs could work together to add value to each other, to build on one another´s strengths, and to better and more cost-effectively achieve their overall—and largely shared—missions.

Common Requirements for Logistics Management Information Systems

Lubinski, David, Principal Investigator, PATH; Chester, Kelley, PHII; Grevendonk, Jan, PATH; Buchanan, Niki, PHII
9/30/2010
The importance of functional health information systems in achieving improved health outcomes continues to grow, yet the reality in most developing countries is that the systems and health information technologies which support them are often poorly designed and unable to work together as a sustainable and scalable system. Donors and countries alike recognize the need to establish architecture and reusable tools for more systematically building global health information systems. This project was funded to address that need and had two main objectives; (1) develop a general methodology for determining and documenting health information system user requirements and (2) apply this methodology to produce requirements in supply chain as one of the core functional domains of a national health system.

Finding Common Ground: Collaborative Requirements Development for Public Health Information Systems

PHII
6/30/2010
In order to be effective partners in the e-health era, public health will need to perform as a cohesive entity across political jurisdictions. Public health agencies at all levels of government must be able to plan effectively, reach consensus on public health goals and priorities, and focus on the improved performance of the public health system as an enterprise in order to electronically link to their private healthcare partners. This necessitates a common understanding of the work of public health and what information systems must do to support this work, and requires the implementation of interoperable information systems across public health, linking to healthcare.

The Value of Health IT in Improving Population Health and Transforming Public Health Practice

PHII, InfoLinks & Connections CoPs
11/30/2009
This paper introduces key elements of the current federal policy and financial incentives that are elevating public health and population health issues to levels of awareness unprecedented in this country. It also includes action steps that senior leaders in public health can take to capitalize on these historic opportunities.

Public Health Informatics Profile Toolkit

Ellsworth Fritz, Jennifer; Rajamani, Priya; LaVenture, Martin; Minnesota Department of Health
11/30/2009
The need for public health agencies to electronically exchange information with our stakeholders is growing, and the expectations for high levels of service require modernization of many of our information systems by making them integrated, interoperable, and standards-based. For public health to become an important player in health care reform, public health agencies will need to upgrade their systems in order to be an equal partner in health information exchange initiatives with the private health care sector (HITECH funding may support the development of this type of exchange). Conducting a readiness assessment for your organization can provide useful information for planning purposes, and can become a motivator for change within your organization. The Public Health Informatics Profile Toolkit is meant to serve as a guide that you can use to create a comprehensive summary of your agency´s current and projected information system needs and opportunities.

Public Health & Electronic Health Information Exchange: A Guide To Local Agency Leadership

William C. Livingood, PhD; Susan Coughlin, MPH; Radley Remo, MPH; Duval County Health Department, FL
11/30/2009
This guide provides an introduction to basic concepts that might be relevant to local health departments considering a more active role in developing electronic health information exchange within their jurisdictions. The guide reflects the experiences and insights gained from one local health department taking a leadership role within their community, particularly within the context of coalition development.

Slides from HITECH Webcast Sept. 29, 2009

9/29/2009
Presentation slides from the PHII Webcast ”e-Health and Public Health: Understanding the Implications of HITECH and e-Health Transformation for Health Departments”, presented on Sept. 29, 2009. Speakers included: Kelly Cronin, MPH, representing the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; Dr. Martin LaVenture, representing the Minnesota Department of Health; and Dr. Arthur Davidson, representing Denver Health.

Newborn screening as a system from birth through lifelong care

McCabe, Linda PhD; McCabe, Edward MD, PhD
7/16/2009
NDBS paper commentary

Newborn dried bloodspot screening: mapping the clinical and public health components and activities

Hinman, Alan MD, MPH; Marie Y. Mann, MD; Rani H. Singh, PhD, RD
7/16/2009
Genetics in Medicine

Newborn Dried Bloodspot Screening Business Process Analysis; Report of the NDBS Workgroup

Public Health Informatics Institute
7/16/2009
NDBS Business Process Analysis

PROGRAMS

The Public Health Informatics Institute directs a number of programs aimed at improved the use of information technology in public health. Toward this end, they apply their understanding of public health processes and the program needs to support the design and use of appropriate systems. In support of these programs, PHII brings together experts in public health, health information systems, and informatics to establish a new paradigm for developing health information systems.

Their primary clients are government agencies and foundations who share their commitment to the betterment of public health and community though technology. For every program and project, we apply methods designed to foster effective health information systems through collaboration innovation and action.

PARTNERS

The Public Health Informatics Institute partners with national public health organizations, foundations, and government agencies to further our collective interest in public health informatics.

Their partnerships support directly our mission to develop and implement programs that make a strategic difference in how public health agencies design and use information systems.

CITATIONS/REFERENCES

http://www.phii.org/default.asp