Tendonitis
Tendonitis is an inflammation or irritation of a person’s tendon. Tendon is a thick elastic cord that attaches bone to the muscle.
Tendons vary in shapes and sizes. Some tendons can be very small (e.g. Finger tendons), and some are very large, (e.g. Achilles tendon in the heel). When functioning correctly, those tendons operate smoothly and have a lot of elasticity and it allows muscles to contract with ease. However these tendons can become inflamed for a variety of reasons and as a result pulling of the muscles becomes irritating and causes individuals pain. This is called Tendonitis, which means inflammation of the tendon.
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Activities that can cause Tendonitis:
  • Physical sports (Football, basketball, hockey, etc.)
  • Gardening, raking, carpentry, shoveling.
  • Painting
  • Scrubbing
  • Tennis
  • Golf
  • Skiing
  • Throwing and pitching
  • Incorrect posture at work or home or poor stretching or conditioning before exercise or playing sports

Types of Tendonitis:
  • Wrist Tendonitis (Pain and Swelling the wrist, most common type of Tendonitis)
  • Achilles Tendonitis (Swelling and pain in the back of the heel)
  • Posterior Tibia Tendonitis (Pain near Achilles tendon. If untreated, can result in a flat foot)
  • Patella Tendonitis (Occurs in the knee, most common for athletes. Also known as Jumpers knee)
  • Rotator Cuff Tendonitis (Pain and swelling in the shoulder region)
  • Tennis elbow (Pain in the elbow. Most common for baseball and tennis players.)
Treatment Types:
  • Rest and Protect the Area - Avoid movements that can aggravate the tendon. Must take a break from all strenuous activities. Rest time varies from a severity of a damaged tendon.
  • Ice the Inflamed Region - Ice helps to control the inflammation and it also decreases swelling. It also reduces the recovery time.
  • Take Anti-Inflammatory Medication - (E.g. Ibuprofen, Motrin, Naprosyn and Celebrex). These drugs can reduce recovery time.
  • Cortisone Injection - Cortisone is a powerful anti-inflammatory medication that is injected into inflamed tendon.

Prevention of Tendonitis:
  • Protect the Tendon: (Braces, Splints, massages of previously injured tendons.)
  • Take Breaks During Strenuous Activities (Avoid working for too long.)
  • Physical Therapy (Strengthening surrounding muscles, this reduces pressure on the tendon)

References:
http://orthopedics.about.com/cs/sportsmedicine/a/tendonitis.htm
http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/arthritis-tendinitis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tendinitis