Web Ontology Language - OWL


Description

Web Ontology Language (OWL) is a form of the Semantic Web. It was designed for use by applications that process information content instead of just showing content to viewers. OWL allows a machine to interpret content by providing additional vocabulary and formal semantics. Meaning, it can show the meaning of terms and the relationship between the terms. Currently, OWL has three sublanguages: OWL Lite, OWL DL (description logics), and OWL Full.
Within the Health Industry OWL will assist in processes such as searching for medical definitions or the latest on medical services. Currently, there are systems available such as Epocrates. Epocrates assists in diagnosis and prescription choices or decisions.

Applications
Below is a listing of a few currently constructed databases/systems:
  • Hospital Incident Reporting
  • General Medical Knowledge
  • Biological Processes
  • Human Developmental anatomy and disease
  • Electronic Health Records (EHR)

Terminology
Ontology – (in regards to OWL) the representation of terms and their relationship to each other
Semantic Web – a build off of XML's customized tagging and RDF's flexibility of representing data

Web Resources/Citations
http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-features/
http://semantic-web.indelv.com/the-benefits-of-the-web-ontology-language-in-web-applications.html
http://209.85.165.104/search?q=cache:o4tOLjdIZw0J:www1.cs.columbia.edu/~knarig/Arabshian.pdf+OWL+web+ontology+language+healthcare&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=6&gl=us